I can't shed any light on actual numbers but maybe a little on the type and their sortie origins.
Most ground attack including tactical bombing and theater ground support is accomplished by aircraft such as the F-18 Hornet/Super Hornet and originate from carriers. Top cover for those preplanned sorties is usually provided by F-15's and originate from bases in the theater area such as Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, or elsewhere, or by F-14's from carriers, although F-14's usually assume a Fleet Defense role also.
The close ground support of troops or armor removal is almost always done by the AH64 Apache and the A-10 Thunderbolt, although the F-16 has also seen more use in this role. These are all originated from land bases.
With the fairly recent (last 15 years) adoption of the "Unified Force/Command" strategy all the services, Navy, Army, AF, and to some extent the Marines, act as one force and take their commands from a COMSYNCPAC or such structure.
The air traffic and their missions are commanded by the central command and orchestrated and controlled by JSTARS or equivalent.
If anyone can correct any of this PLEASE do so. It's been a while since my active duty days but I try to keep abreast. Teach me something.